Banks and global NGOs are ready for the big leap towards biodiversity credits, as announced by a 40-page OECD document on biodiversity credits. However, the introduction of carbon credits since the Kyoto Protocol have not improved anything 15 years later. Let's see why it is imperative to refuse these kinds of solutions to the decline of biodiversity.
D'autres articles sur la COP15
Plague, Cholera? Why not both? From carbon credits to biodiversity credits
From failure to failure until the end of the world
The last decade (2011-2020) was the UN's biodiversity decade, where countries worldwide "worked to address the many causes of biodiversity loss," according to the UN secretary-general. Countries had set 20 targets, also called "Aichi targets," none of which have been met. These targets were to be reviewed in 2020, but COP15 was postponed due to the pandemic. Therefore, the countries will question themselves this December to know what they will do afterward. Above all, the general idea of these objectives is simple: we should live in harmony with nature by 2050.
La commercialisation de la nature
The COP15 is highly effective at promoting an "asset management" approach to biodiversity that actually enables capitalists to generate profit from ecological degradation, while forcing communities in the global South to provide greater access and control over their land to governments and powerful NGOs in the global North. Since the turn to models of sustainable development in the 1990s, UN agencies have strongly championed the idea that economic growth is compatible with ecological preservation.
Ecofeminism is a branch of feminism that focuses on the intersection of feminism and ecology. Ecofeminists argue that economic development and the destruction of ecosystems have profound and negative repercussions for women — especially women of the global South. Furthermore, they argue that capitalism is grounded in both the exploitation of women's reproductive labor and the exploitation of nature.
Striking against COP15
We are all concerned about the protection of biodiversity. We are headed for a wall. The consequences of capitalism will soon be irreversible. The COP15 is an illusion that only accelerates the destruction of habitats and wildlife populations. Opposing the COP15 allows us to make our voices heard in a way that is different from that of the oil companies, the corporations and the States. We must use this mobilization to regroup and act against the states and companies responsible for the decline of biodiversity.
Extractivism: understanding it better to fight back
A word that is more and more frequently used in reflections on the unequal dynamics between the North and the global South is extractivism. To demystify it a little, here is a short article that will give a very brief presentation.
Resistance is fertile, COP15 is sterile
Many of the Green capitalist projects financed by COP15 initiatives (financing for green transport, policies that limit unrestrained development, etc.) seem genuinely worthwhile compared to the alternative of doing literally nothing in the face of unrestrained free-market capitalism– and in this way, capitalists and the governments that support them rebrand themselves as "wildlife saviours" at conferences like COP15.
UN, COP15 and colonialism
In preparation for the upcoming COP15 meeting, the Canadian government has made itself a part of the "High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People". According to the coalition's website, it is "working towards a global agreement to protect at least 30% of the world's land and oceans by 2030 at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15)".
COP14: beautiful speeches... serving green capitalism
In November 2018, COP14 was held in Egypt. We believe it is important to revisit the outcomes that emerged from this last conference of the stakeholders of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to highlight why relying on these conferences to prevent biodiversity decline is dangerous. Our reading of the COP14 outcomes is based on the decision documents approved by the parties present at the convention.
A short history of anti-capitalist counter-summits
While there were counter-summits and demonstrations at international summits in the 1980s, for example in West Berlin, or against the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in the 1990s, it was really the World Trade Organization (WTO) Summit in Seattle in November 1999 that launched the tradition of anti-globalization demonstrations.